Built during the 18th century with Baroque style, this square is the nerve centre of the city of Salamanca.
During the 18th century it was born as a trading esplanade, where foodstuffs and spices from America were traded. It also served as a place of commerce for the different merchants and travelers from other parts of Spain. It was at this time that this square was built to house all these businesses.
At the beginning of the 19th century, during the Napoleonic wars invasion, it served as artillery square for the Spanish troops. During the war, commercial activity was converted into military activity as a central defense square against the French empire. After the end of the war, it became a square for recreational and commercial use again.
Nowadays, it is the main square of city life and the usual meeting point for the inhabitants of Salamanca. Here you will find the oldest cafés and places of gastronomy in the city and the country. It is also used as a center for musical, scenic and cultural activities in the city.